What is IoT?
IoT stands for Internet of Things. It is a platform where devices are connected with each other, collecting and sharing data, information across a vast network. The objects are embedded within integrated networks, sensors, devices.
Connection to devices
The connectivity of IoT to devices depend on number of components such as:
- User interface: The place where the device gets the data from to make the commands needed for execution of the device tasks.
- Cloud: Gathered data from where all the IoT devices process information.
- Sensors: Objects to collect data from the environment for devices to process it.
- Actuators: That allows devices to take action based on data and feedback from the network.
- Unique ID: Identification of devices from other devices using an unique identifier called IP address.
- Identification and connection of devices with another device using the IP address to ensure correct and accurate transfer of data over the network.
- IoT gateway: This is used to bridge the gap between devices to reach them via cloud for translating device’s protocol into a standard protocol and filter out the unnecessary data from devices.
Automation is the process which ties all the above components together ensuring the complete process to work smoothly and continuously.
Reasons why automation is an advantage in IoT
- Efficiency: Efficient automation in their functionality is one of the advantages. The devices once equipped with IoT and its integrated system, there is no need to program the devices from basics to start working. The way the setup is made, the electronic devices will switch themselves on and off, in turn saving cost in utility bills.
- Easy Operation: Automation serves best in asset management and supply chain management bringing the sensors and scaling technologies together, resulting in providing smooth operation including in product management. This very method helps in supplementing barcodes for tracking such as global positioning systems for well equipment.
- Safety: The IoT components sensors can automate maintenance reporting and diagnostics with respect to production and operation. The sensors provide information about the aspects to reduce accidents and increase efficiency. The automation also enables temperature control for frozen goods such as ice creams, and refrigerated products to ensure FDA regulations are maintained.
- Control: IoT works well with powered security systems. The system can recognize authorized personnel, including lock and unlock doors, vaults with the authentication key providing privileges to the recognized persons only. This ensures that the system is not mishandled by any outside entity.
- For businesses and enterprises having frequent virtual customer visits, the sensors can yield valuable information regarding their location, searched products or services, and in turn providing them with accurate information.
Smart technology such as smartwatches, wearables, fitness trackers understands the customer’s health. The automation in IoT makes it easier to set timers, alarms, send and receive information, play music, accept and decline calls while commanding devices to do the task for you. For instance, commanding alexa to order you a packet of snacks from delivery services asap, or asking google assistant to tell you a route while driving.