Many different back injuries can heal on their own over time without requiring surgery. However, a surgical procedure can still be your best choice if the damage is especially serious and crippling.
Depending on the type of the injury, what is causing the pain, and how severe the injury is, there are many types of spine surgery. Some operations could simply require minor incisions. Others are more serious and dangerous, and they can necessitate a hospital stay and a lengthier healing period.
1. Lumbar Microdiscectomy
This minimally invasive spine surgery can relieve the pressure and discomfort caused by a herniated disc. Soft discs that act as shock absorbers for your spinal column divide and cushion your vertebrae.
The jelly-like material inside the disc may move toward it if the disc’s outer layer sustains damage or gets old and brittle, resulting in a bulge that presses on the spinal nerves. There’s also a chance that it will totally burst, ejecting the gelatinous material from the disc and increasing the strain on the nerves.
In a lumbar microdiscectomy, the surgeon enters and removes the section of the disc that is pressing against the nerves rather than the complete disc.
2. Spinal Fusion
Sometimes the best solution for easing pain and preventing further damage is to fuse two or more vertebrae together so that they no longer move against one another. In a spinal fusion procedure, the doctor removes some of the damaged bone, stabilizes the area with metal implants and screws, and then places a bone transplant in the space between the vertebrae.
These two vertebrae eventually fuse together to form one bone as a result of the bone graft.
3. Robotic Spine Surgery
While not a particular kind of surgical operation, this medical development offers patients a terrific new alternative for how some surgeries are carried out.
Robotic surgery can be used for a number of minimally invasive treatments; it is far more accurate than the surgeon’s hand alone, enables smaller incisions, lowers the danger of infection.
The main purpose of this decompression procedure is to treat spinal stenosis, a narrowing of the spinal column that puts undue pressure on the spinal cord.
In order to allow the nerves more space, this operation entails removing part or all of the lamina, the bony structure on the vertebra that serves as a “roof” over the spine. Depending on how many areas of the spine are compressed, the surgeon might need to remove the lamina on more than one vertebra.
This surgery, which is essentially a second decompression treatment, opens up one or more foramina via which the nerve roots leave the spine.
These openings may occasionally develop bony growths that enlarge the space and irritate the nerves. The unnecessary pressure and resulting pain are reduced when these growths are removed.
The bottom line
You might require spinal fusion or other surgical procedures if you have spinal paralysis, a major spinal cord damage, or neck pain. To make an appointment with spinal fusion specialists, call a spine Specialist right away.