Statistics indicate nine out of 10 adults in America experience tooth decay and cavities. Your dentist can prepare fractured or broken teeth with fillings or veneers. But when the damage is severe, tooth extractions Campbell may be necessary to limit infections. Discover why your dental specialist may recommend a tooth extraction.
Why is a tooth extraction performed?
The most common reason for an extraction is to address severe tooth damage. The cause of the damage may be injuries or trauma. Removing the tooth is recommended when other procedures cannot restore the tooth’s function.
Your dentist has to remove the teeth to prevent an infection from spreading. A damaged enamel exposes the dentin, containing nerves and blood vessels, to disease-causing bacteria. Removing the tooth is sometimes the only way to minimize pain.
Overcrowding is another reason your dentist may opt for an extraction. It may be necessary to remove some teeth to create space for proper alignment. Orthodontists perform tooth extractions before a braces procedure to move the teeth into place.
Additionally, a wisdom tooth can be impacted, preventing its emergence through the gum line. An impacted wisdom tooth is often painful and requires extraction to treat inflammation and limit infections. The condition is prevalent among teens and young adults between the ages of 17 and 21.
Tooth extraction procedure
Like all dental procedures, a tooth extraction begins with an oral cavity assessment. X-rays and CT scans help dental specialists determine the best approach for removing the tooth. Tooth extraction can either be simple or surgical.
A simple extraction is the most common procedure. Your dentist will use this approach if the tooth is visible above the gum line. It involves loosening the damaged tooth by nudging it back and forth using dental forceps. You will be conscious but under local anesthesia, which eliminates the pain.
A surgical extraction is necessary when the tooth is under the gum line and invisible. It involves making a small incision to pull aside the gum tissue and allow extraction. Surgical removal is also the standard process for treating an impacted wisdom tooth. The patient is usually asleep under general anesthesia due to the complexity of the procedure.
Tooth extraction risks and aftercare
As with other treatments, tooth extractions can also cause complications after the procedure. A dry socket is the most common issue for tooth extractions. It occurs when a blood clot around the extraction site breaks or fails to appear. A dry socket may expose nerves, increase the risk of infections, or cause bad breath.
You can expect some bleeding to continue 24 hours after the tooth extraction. There could also be cases of nerve injury or delayed healing. Your dentist may recommend pain-relief medication to manage the discomfort.
Dental education is also essential after the procedure to reduce risks and complications. If your dentist recommends follow-up appointments, ensure you attend. The follow-up visits can identify issues at the earliest stages, making treatment minimally invasive and more affordable.
Contact Ueno Center Dental Specialists to schedule a tooth extraction appointment today.